• January 6, 2016

Capturing Icons of the American West—While They Still Run Free

When Melissa Farlow was a little girl growing up in Paoli, Indiana, she was completely enamored with the idea of having a horse.

“I dreamed about them, I drew them in church, I played like I was a horse,” she says. She wanted a horse so badly that she even wrote to Roy Rogers asking if he would send her Trigger. He sent a signed autograph instead. But her parents finally caved, and at age six, she got a “sad, one-eyed pony,” as she describes it. “He wasn’t pretty, but he was docile, and I rode him around the backyard.”

A curious yearling with a shaggy, full winter coat approaches for a closer look. He’s part of the Catnip herd, mostly bred for the U.S. Cavalry in the 1800s. They were removed from the Sheldon range in northwest Nevada and rescued by Karen Sussman and the International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros.
A curious yearling with a shaggy, full winter coat approaches for a closer look. He’s part of the Catnip herd, mostly bred for the U.S. Cavalry in the 1800s. They were removed from the Sheldon range in northwest Nevada and rescued by Karen Sussman and the International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros.

Farlow, a contributing photographer to National Geographic, has now turned that childhood obsession into a photo-rich book called Wild at Heart: Mustangs and the Young People Fighting to Save Them. Written by Terri Farley, the book focuses on the plight of the feral mustangs that are at once a symbol of the American West and threatened by loss of habitat and controversial federal management programs.

wild mustangs
Two battle-scarred stallions fight for dominance over the Gila herd. Studs challenge each other to win the most mares in the strong social hierarchy of wild horses.

Because the horses are wild, multiply fairly rapidly, and compete with privately owned ranch animals for limited resources, they don’t have many human protectors.

“These horses don’t make money for anybody. No one hunts them, no one breeds them, no one eats them,” says Farlow. “The only ones who advocate for them are the animal lovers—and it’s hard for them to compete and be activists.”

wild mustangs
Horses from the Gila herd cross a stream after a summer thunderstorm in South Dakota. On first appearance a herd of horses can appear very random, but they have a distinct social order—different groups move to the watering hole at certain times of day.

The history of wild horses in North America has been a complicated one. According to Farlow, horses roamed with woolly mammoths, then disappeared about 12 million years ago—possibly surviving extinction by crossing the Bering land bridge. They were reintroduced in the 1500s by European explorers, and more than two million of their descendants roamed the largely unfenced American West until the early 1900s.

Since then, expanded urbanization has encroached on their range, and today fewer than 30,000 remain—most squeezed onto public lands where wildfires, recurring droughts, and loss of habitat make life increasingly harsh.

And for decades wild horses that came too close to cattle or sheep on public grazing lands were seen as a nuisance and were often targeted for capture or slaughter. A woman named Velma Johnston, aka “Wild Horse Annie,” is credited with pushing for 1971 legislation that protected wild horses and burros from being captured or killed.

wild mustangs
A cowboy hides behind a jute fence as he watches the last of a herd of mustangs flee from a helicopter in Nevada’s Jackson Mountains. Contractors hired by the Bureau of Land Management captured the wild horses, driving them into a fenced corral.
wild mustangs
Dust flies as panicked horses are driven into a holding pen by a helicopter during a roundup in Nevada. At center, a foal is caught between the metals bars of the temporary corral.

Today, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is the only agency authorized to manage wild horses on federal land, and according to Farlow they spend roughly $40 million annually caring for them. That includes conducting annual roundups that use helicopters to drive horses into corrals. The goal is to cull the herds and keep wild horses from multiplying beyond a sustainable level. Some young horses are made available for adoption, but there are few takers, and most end up in long-term holding facilities funded by the BLM.

Farlow says that due to these practices more wild horses now live in captivity than run free on public lands. So those who care about wild horses have a lot to contend with in their battle to keep them free roaming and prevent possible extinction.

wild mustangs
Twins Audrey (in black) and Abby Minch are passionate about educating others about wild horse roundups and horse slaughters, regularly speaking to schools and media outlets about the animals’ plight. Here, they’re seen at Big Dog Stable in Oregon City.

Farlow and writer Terri Farley were particularly moved by individual young people who have taken up the cause of the wild horse, and the final chapter of the book focuses on some of their stories.

“I’m amazed by the convictions of these kids, and I am so proud of them—they are so committed to what they are doing,” says Farlow. “When I was young I don’t think I was focused on anything outside of my own little world. I’m amazed by their passion.”

wild mustangs
Robin Warren, 13, adopted an abandoned foal named Rocky. She says she’s also felt abandoned in her life and relates to her orphaned horse. She’s training him with the support of her mother, Denise Delucca. Warren also started the Youth’s Equine Alliance (YEA!) in 2012 to encourage children’s admiration of horses and burros and motivate people of all ages to be a voice for equines.
wild mustangs
Travis Armstrong works with Texas, a rescued foal, in Shingletown, California. His mother, Palomino Armstrong, rescues orphaned foals and raises them in her house. Due to the need for regular feedings, Palomino hardly sleeps—and if she does, she has a bed set up in the horse nursery.

And while Farlow shot a number of the photos in the book for a 2009 National Geographic magazine story, she made new images of the young people specifically for this book.

“Photographing teens and photographing horses was much the same. I didn’t expect that part,” she says. “They are shy when you first meet them. You have to be nonthreatening and spend enough time with them to feel like you are ‘getting them’—much like you do with horses.”

wild mustangs
Declan Gregg and his mother, Stacie, made the rounds in Washington, D.C., to lobby against horse slaughter bills. This was the teen’s fourth trip to the nation’s capital from his hometown of Seacoast, New Hampshire, in support of humane treatment of horses. Declan is the founder of ‘Children 4 Horses’ and has been speaking up for horses since he was nine years old.
wild mustangs
Emery Volkert trains Ember, the mustang she adopted, near her home in Colorado. Ember was only a month old when helicopters stampeded her band out of the Colorado mountains.

As a result of working on this project—spending time photographing horses in the wild, in sanctuaries, and with the people who love them—Farlow says her childhood obsession with horses has evolved into a newfound respect.

“I wasn’t aware there were wild horses [in North America] until I was working on a [National Geographic] story,” she says. “So few people out there realize there are wild horses, so I feel like this book is education not just for kids but for everyone. It needs to be out there for people to care about horses because that’s the only way [the horses] will be saved.”

Melissa Farlow is a documentary photojournalist who has worked extensively for National Geographic for more than 25 years. A Pulitzer Prize winner, she worked on the staffs of the Louisville Courier Journal and Pittsburgh Press. She consults for The Photo Society and is a frequent lecturer in professional and educational venues. She was recently inducted into the Indiana Journalism Hall of Fame.

Wild at Heart: Mustangs and the Young People Fighting to Save Them has won a Sterling North Award for Excellence in Children’s Literature and been noted by the Junior Library Guild and the National Science Teachers Association. Learn more about the book here, and see more of Farlow’s photos from this project on Instagram @wildhorsephotos and on her website.

Learn more about protecting wild horses:
International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros
American Wild Horse Preservation

There are 28 Comments. Add Yours.

  1. Carla Bowers
    February 1, 2016

    As a 6+ year wild horse & burro (WHB) advocate, I appreciate your bringing the WHB issue to the public’s attention. However, there are a few statements in your article that need expanding upon. I’ve done extensive research on this subject & hope the info below will appear in your next article.

    Re your statement, “the book focuses on the plight of the feral mustangs that are at once a symbol of the American West and threatened by loss of habitat and controversial federal management programs.” Congress designated this national heritage species as “wild horses,” not as feral mustangs. This false label does them a disservice. Also, it would be helpful to add that the loss of WHB habitat has been federally-driven over the last 40+ years since the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses & Burros Act was passed. The Bureau of Land Management & the U.S. Forest Service have systematically zeroed out 100’s of original herds found in 1971 & removed millions of acres of original habitat from their use, mostly to benefit the for-profit users of our public lands, i.e., livestock grazers, energy & mining interests, at the expense of the American taxpayer & our WHB.

    Re your statement, “Because the horses are wild, multiply fairly rapidly, and compete with privately owned ranch animals for limited resources, they don’t have many human protectors.” First, back in 1982, the reproduction rate of WH was determined to be 10-15% by the Natn. Academy of Sciences. Now, the BLM claims the rate is 20-25%/year. We know in many cases those rates are over-inflated. But we also know that repeated roundups that fragment the family social structures cause compensatory reproduction that results in increased reproduction rates. This is the BLM’s doing. They have created the very issue they’re trying to solve. Second, the WHB DO have many human protectors. However, those protectors are generally not well-monied like the corporate for-profit interests are who lay claim to our public lands for a pittance of its value. These corporate interests have lobbied & bought Congress to do their bidding. This equates to the BLM & USFS doing their bidding at the expense of America’s WHB & the American taxpayer.

    Re your statement, “Since then, expanded urbanization has encroached on their range.” See my 2nd ¶ above. It’s really not urbanization that’s the problem. It’s the corporate takeover of our public lands against the wishes of the majority of the American public.

    Re your statement, “the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is the only agency authorized to manage wild horses on federal land, and according to Farlow they spend roughly $40 million annually caring for them.” The U.S. Forest Service also manages some WHB on their lands. The BLM is now spending upwards of $80M annually for the whole WHB Program. But, this pales in comparison to the outgo to administer livestock grazing on the public lands to the tune of about $132M annually out of the taxpayers’ pockets, plus all the other ag subsidies that industry enjoys. And, all this for producing less than 3% of the beef produced in this country annually.

    Re your statement, “The goal is to cull the herds and keep wild horses from multiplying beyond a sustainable level.” Now we’re getting to the crux of the matter. The “sustainable level” is arbitrarily determined by the BLM based on the livestock being allocated at least 82% of the available forage on the supposed protected WHB habitat. The 18% forage that remains is hardly enough to “sustain” healthy genetically viable herds over the long term in the majority of the small herd management areas where WHB are allowed to be. The “sustainable level” of WHB is not based on science regarding their genetic diversity & viability long term. It’s based on the “historic & primary use” of livestock on public lands. Here are some key numbers:
    650M Federal land acres total
    247M Federal land acres available for livestock grazing (BLM & USFS)
    29M Federal land acres of the above 247M acres available to WHB (shared with livestock & less than 5% of the total Federal lands in the U.S. where WHB are allocated on average about 18% of the forage)
    Up to 3M livestock, millions of deer, 1M elk, 780K pronghorn antelope, & 70K bighorn sheep graze public lands compared to BLM’s 26,715 target MAX number of WHB allowed in all 10 Western states combined. Anything over this ridiculously low number is considered “overpopulated” & “excess.” Any other wildlife managed at this low number would be considered an “endangered species.”

    The above additional info needs to be put out in more articles to the general public so they understand more of the true picture of what is happening to America’s WHB. Thank you.

    • Julie Blichmann
      February 2, 2016

      Excellent post Carla! I wish more people understood that!

  2. Louie C
    January 22, 2016


    WH&BR: Carol Walker & the BLM plans to field sterilize wild mares

    Our guest is Carol Walker, Dir. of Field Documentation for Wild Horse Freedom Federation.
    Carol will be detailing Bureau of Land Management (BLM) heinous plans to STERILIZE wild horses, including “studies” (experimentation trials) using several methods on 225 wild mares: ovariectomy via colpotomy, tubal ligation, and hysteroscopically-guided laser ablation of the oviduct papilla. The BLM is going to do this experimentation at BLM’s Wild Horse Corral Facility in Hines, Oregon, but will eventually do sterilizations out in the FIELD.
    The BLM has not, as of this time, posted the Environmental Assessment (for public comment) for this sterilization plan on the Oregon BLM websites. The only people who have received it are people who are on the “interested party list” in Oregon. The deadline for public comment is 2/2/16. A link to the Environmental Assessment is HERE

  3. Louie C
    January 20, 2016

    The comment period for this has already closed, but the Public must know what BLM’s intentions are for our Wild Horses AND Burros. The same procedures will be performed on the Wild Burros and will go on without any Public observation or oversight UNLESS the Public puts a stop to it.

    Today is the last day to comment on the BLM’s disastrous plan to sterilize wild mares in the White Mountain Herd Management Area in Wyoming. Despite the herd numbering only 268 wild horses, which is within the AML of 209- 300 wild horses in the area, the BLM plans to team up with USGS and conduct a study, first rounding up the herd using helicopters, removing horses until there are 209 left, and putting radio collars on the mares and tail tags on the stallions to study behavior for 1 year. They plan to put radio collars on the mares, and the last time the BLM did this in 1991 many horses died. This is just not safe. Then they plan to round them up again using helicopters, and then spaying 30-50 wild mares in the field, which is an incredibly dangerous procedure, certainly fatal to many of the mares. The sterilization of this and other herds targeted for research by the BLM and USGS spells the beginning of the end of wild horses on our public lands.

    My first visit to the White Mountain Herd Management Area in Wyoming was in November of 2006. This herd is touted as a tourist attraction by the State of Wyoming, with its “loop tour” that is easily accessible to visitors to the town of Rock Springs. You might imagine that being a tourist attraction would save this herd from molestation, given that tourism is Wyoming’s 3rd largest source of income.

  4. Louie C
    January 20, 2016

    The difference slaughtering Horses and Cattle is a subject that would take another entire article, but very much connected, as the slaughter house is the ultimate fate of so many captured Wild Horses & Burros.
    The real point is that America’s Wild Horses belong on the range, on their Legally designated Herd Management Areas. Year by year, more land has been taken from them and they are fighting for their lives at this point in history. Many Americans will not even know what they’ve lost unless they put a stop to the massive capture and removals that have been and are currently being done at an alarming rate. This is an excellent video that show how the census numbers are skewed and how the Public is give misinformation about the actual numbers of Wild Horses & Burros that are still left on the range. Keep in mind that many more removals have been done since this video wa made and more land has disappeared from Wild Horse & Burro Herd Management Areas.
    America’s Mustangs & Burros

  5. Keri
    January 20, 2016

    As a professional horse person who actually went to a university for degrees in animal science and equine science and took classes on horse behavior and training, I am disgusted by the photo of Emery Volkert “training” her mustang. I’m honestly surprised there isn’t a note saying she went to the hospital. The reason so many adoptable mustangs remain in long-term holding facilities is because most horsemen and women don’t have the time or knowledge to successfully gentle and break a horse to saddle. When you have someone like Emery here try to work with one of these horses wearing NO helmet and with no tool like a rope/lunge line or lunge whip to better direct the horse’s movement (or, unfortunately, use to deter the horse away from you if it starts getting pushy/aggressive like Ember), it’s a recipe for disaster. These horses do not have the same mentality or upbringing as a horse born on a farm who has had regular contact with people from the moment of birth. The author Coburn Dukehart really needs to add in a paragraph about how mustangs, no matter how pretty they are, are still powerful and intelligent animals whose first instinct is to protect themselves from any perceived threat. Horses are not for everyone–period. A mustang is an even bigger challenge and I have seen experienced trainers participating in the Extreme Mustang Makeover competitions get seriously hurt. Kudos to all these kids who are trying to make a difference for the mustang’s future, but many teenagers who think they’re “trainers” probably need a big reality check.

  6. Julie Blichmann
    January 19, 2016

    @Paul Steffan: Horses are not cattle, and react quite differently in slaughterhouse situations. While a cow may be incapacitated by a single blow of a captive bolt, horses are not. It takes multiple blows to incapacitate them. While I understand your point, I do not agree with it, and suggest you further educate yourself.

  7. Lewis Finocchio
    January 19, 2016

    The wild horse is a symbol of ” Free America” and should always be protected.

  8. Paul Steffen
    January 17, 2016

    You can be sure that if these horses were privately owned stock, there wouldn’t be 75 dead horses* in a single round-up. They are run flat-out over miles of high desert terrain with little or no rest or water and then into severally overcrowded corrals where foals loose their mothers, stallions fight and bones are broken. That is the first callous outrage inflicted on wild and terrified horses by careless BLM “managers”.
    * (BLM’s fall 2014 “Wyoming Checkerboard Roundup” (see Louie C Jan,14, 2016 above)

    As for those horses who are confined by the BLM for the rest of their misserable lives; I think they should be sent to packing houses and the meat sent to zoos around the country. I can hear the hue & cry from here, but think about it – what do you think happens to the cattle who are out there “bulking up” on the range for our dinner tables. Why are cattle less sacred than horses?

  9. Louie C
    January 14, 2016

    Biologist’s comment to save White Mountain & Little Colorado Wild Horses (Today-Jan 14- is the last day to comment)
    by Robert C. Bauer, Biologist

  10. Louie C
    January 14, 2016

    The data for the report was retrieved from FOIAs…very difficult to obtain.
    BLM does not willing divulge information to the Public
    This research does not include or reflect the additional adult mortality rates due to the complexity of population dynamics, but does raise serious questions about the validity of the BLM’s assumed 20% annual herd population growth rate. Furthermore, the BLMs assumption fails to consider that wild horse populations are dynamic due to isolation and have varied rates of reproduction and survival due to changing climates, forage, competition, disturbance and environmental conditions. All these are factors that can lead to varied herd growth rates and each herd should be evaluated separately.
    This research paper is supported by previous studies using age structure data completed by Michael L. Wolfe, Jr. in 1980 titled “Feral Horse Demography: A Preliminary Report”. Mr. Wolfe cited observations in 12 HMAs, over a period of 2 to 5 years, and covered a much broader range over six Western states. He questioned the annual rate increase of 20%, and found that first-year survival rates to range between 50% and 70% (Wolfe, 1980).
    Other supporting research includes The National Academy of Science National Wild and Free-Roaming Horse and Burro report of 1982, which states, “…several biases in the (BLM) census data, cited or calculated rates of increase based on a number of published values for reproduction and survival rates, as well as sex and age ratios, and concluded annual rates of increase of ten percent or less” (NAS, 1982).
    The NAS 2013 report also used age structure data to estimate population growth. However, the report used foaling rates to draw conclusions about the population growth; rather than first year survival rates (NAS, pg.51-52 2013). This and other studies challenge the assumption that the 20% foaling rate provides an adequate measure of population growth.
    The BLM bases their management decisions on environmental assessments that cite inflated population estimates. As shown in this study and previous research, the BLM’s assumption of a 20% annual wild horse population growth rate is not based in science; leading to unsubstantiated population estimates with no evidence of excess wild horses.


  11. Louie C
    January 13, 2016

    Newly-Obtained Records Reveal At Least 75 Mustangs Died in Holding Pens After Capture from Wyoming Checkerboard
    Rock Springs, Wyoming… (April 14, 2015) . . .Over 75 wild horses captured in Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM’s) fall 2014 “Wyoming Checkerboard roundup” died in the days and months after capture, adding significantly to the official death toll from this capture operation in the Adobe Town, Salt Wells Creek and Divide Basin Herd Management Areas (HMAs) in southwestern Wyoming.
    Rock Springs, Wyoming… (April 14, 2015) . . .Over 75 wild horses captured in Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM’s) fall 2014 “Wyoming Checkerboard roundup” died in the days and months after capture, adding significantly to the official death toll from this capture operation in the Adobe Town, Salt Wells Creek and Divide Basin Herd Management Areas (HMAs) in southwestern Wyoming.
    Previously, the BLM had reported the deaths of 14 horses as a direct result of the helicopter roundup, but records obtained under the Freedom of Information Act by the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign (AWHPC) show a significantly higher death toll.
    The actual death toll is even higher, AWHPC noted, because the numbers do not include deaths of foals who perish before they are old enough to be branded and entered into the BLM’s tracking system.

  12. Marly
    January 13, 2016

    I am happy with any and all articles that give the wild horses a voice. They have been a secret for too long. But, in this article there is semantics that are harmful to them. One is just the word, Feral mustangs immediately sets the reader up to think these are runaway animals without a sophisticated wild social structure. Two they compete with privately owned livestock, should be not privately but public allotted land at a ratio of 20 livestock to 1 horse or more in most areas. Three the mistake that they disappeared 12 million years ago is wrong, it is more like there is only a handful of paleo evidence that wildhorses survived since the the whole horse bones that have been found in the tar pits of California and in the frozen tundra of Alaska 7000 years ago. This is just the beginning of the article. Hope the rest is better.

  13. Maggie Frazier
    January 12, 2016

    I have to add to my previous comment. The author covered a good deal of the controversy about our wild horses & burros – BUT it needs to be said – the BLM & livestock producers are responsible for this dilemma! These animals do NOT reproduce any faster than a domestic horse! It still takes 11-12 months for a foal to be born! If we believed the BLM – we would have to be convinced that horses bear LITTERS! NOT true!

  14. Thomas Sutherland
    January 11, 2016

    We have lived in our valley now for over 20 years. We have met many of the horses that still roam here. I have always said, If you can look into their eyes and not feel love and compassion for these great souls, you are not much of a human being!

  15. Donna Shepherd
    January 11, 2016

    I appreciate that more light is being shed on the wild horses. I wish it had gone into the fact of how the BLM is mismanaging the wild herds. I don’t agree with what was said about the horses breeding rapidly and are competing with domestic livestock. The livestock is pushing the wild herds into extinction.

  16. Grace
    January 11, 2016

    Thank you for bring this to the attention of the public. What the BLM is doing to the wild horses is a shame. They say “As part of the Wild Horse and Burro Program, the BLM gathers animals each year to maintain the ecological health of our nation’s public rangelands.” But 2014 BLM and USFS livestock grazing receipts ($17.1 million) tell a different story: the equivalent of 2.1
    million cattle outnumbering 56,656 federally protected wild horses and burros by 37:1. These
    privately owned livestock are allocated 97 percent of western forage on all 251 million acres. This is
    compared to 3 percent allocated to 56,656 wild horses and burros occupying just 29.4 million acres.
    Studies also show cattle, not horses are the focus of considerable research on domestic overgrazing and a
    major cause of global climate change. According to a report by The Daily Pitchfork

  17. Silas S
    January 11, 2016

    I wish Melissa success with her new book.

  18. Louie C
    January 11, 2016

    From International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros (ISPMB)
    Karen Sussman, President
    ISPMB and our leader Wild Horse Annie brought you the 1971 law to protect wild horses and burros. We have been a leader in the field of preservation and protection of wild horses and burros. In 1999, we created a new paradigm in wild horse preservation by taking our first herd. The handwriting was on the wall showing that BLM would continue to remove wild horses regardless of any appeal, lawsuit, or uproar by the public. Little did we realize that we would acquire two wild horse herds whose band structures were intact for decades of time! This baseline data is key to understanding behaviors of wild horses that had not been manipulated, removed, gathered for decades of time. In other words, these herds are exhibiting healthy behaviors because their social structures had not been destroyed by constant gathers. Our third herd is the herd that showed us what happens when a herd is continually disrupted through removals destroying their social structures. Our Wild Horse Conservation program is the only one of its kind in the United States. We do not receive any federal money. Each dollar raised comes from the private sector. The majority of our money raised goes to our Conservation program. ISPMB wants to thank all of those who have helped us in the fight TO SAVE THE WILD HORSES for 50 Years!

    They are facing the greatest threat of our lifetime…the EXTERMINATION and PERMANENT STERILATION of these American Icons by the very agency mandated by the law to protect them, the Bureau of Land Management.
    “I want to be very clear that there is NO OVERPOPULATION of wild horses and burros in our country. We only have half the number we had in 1971 when ISPMB and our first president, Velma Johnston were instrumental in getting federal legislation passed to protect these last living symbols of the American west.

  19. Renee Risser
    January 11, 2016

    I do not agree with the notion that wild horses breed rapidly. Nor do they compete with ranch animals. Actually they compete with cattle on federal lands that belong to the public. The horses normally stay in the more wooded and mountainous areas. But the cattle graze at $1.35 per unit, per acre. That is the issue and that is why the BLM has been trying to remove our wild horses with such vigor.

  20. Ronnie Johnson
    January 11, 2016

    Thank you for your work on this. Too many people today think only of an animal’s inherent utility to us. We need more writing about the spirit of wild animals to overpower the many articles about the cost of managing them and how they make it harder for ranchers to make more money. A living thing is worth more than the money you can make from it’s body or by giving its resources to something else.

  21. Maggie Frazier
    January 11, 2016

    This is the kind of publicity that our Free-Roaming Wild Horses & Burros need! They need more people to become aware of their existence AND the abuse thats being done to them. EVERYONE really should step up & speak up for these animals – before they are gone forever!

  22. Nancy Carol Brown Hardin
    January 10, 2016

    I am a freelance writer and I’ve been using my voice for the wild horses for about 3 years now. We must save them, they are vital to this country’s sense of freedom. If they are gone, we will all be diminished. I’m glad the young people are getting involved. Thank you for sharing this.

  23. Barbara Warner
    January 10, 2016

    Must get this book.

  24. erika
    January 10, 2016

    Exactly li ke my 5th old doughter! She dreams free Mustang that ride accross the north America’s field forever … a good dream i think …

  25. Dennil Ko
    January 7, 2016

    This makes me have better understanding of USA.

  26. emythmakers.com
    January 7, 2016

    This the history of North America

  27. RW Shaff
    January 6, 2016

    Thank you for your important work.

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